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Facts About Ethiopia  
Population:
Population 85,237,338 (2009 estimate)
Population growth rate 3.21 percent (2009 estimate)
Projected population in 2025 140,139,507 (2009 estimate)
Projected population in 2050 278,283,137 (2009 estimate)
Population density 197 persons per sq mi (2009 estimate)

Urbanization:
Urban population :
Rate of urbanization :
17% of total population (2008)
4.3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)
Birth rate: 43.66 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 9
Death rate: 11.55 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 42
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 80.8 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 20
male: 92.06 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 69.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy
Total 55.4 years (2009 estimate) country comparison to the world:
Female
Male
58 years (2009 estimate)
52.9 years (2009 estimate)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
2.1% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 31
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
980,000 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 12

Government type:
Federal republic

Capital:
Name: Addis Ababa

Geographic coordinates: 9 02 N, 38 42 E
time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)


Geography:

Landlocked - entire coastline along the Red Sea was lost with the de jure independence of Eritrea on 24 May 1993; the Blue Nile, the chief headstream of the Nile by water volume, rises in T'ana Hayk (Lake Tana) in northwest Ethiopia; three major crops are believed to have originated in Ethiopia: coffee, grain sorghum, and castor bean

Administrative divisions:

9 ethnically based states (kililoch, singular - kilil) and 2 self-governing administrations* (astedaderoch, singular - astedader); Adis Abeba* (Addis Ababa), Afar, Amara (Amhara), Binshangul Gumuz, Dire Dawa*, Gambela Hizboch (Gambela Peoples), Hareri Hizb (Harari People), Oromiya (Oromia), Sumale (Somali), Tigray, Ye Debub Biheroch Bihereseboch na Hizboch (Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples)

Independence:
Oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years

Climate:
Tropical monsoon with wide topographic-induced variation

Terrain:
High plateau with central mountain range divided by Great Rift Valley

Elevation extremes:
Lowest point: Danakil Depression -125 m
Highest point: Ras Dejen 4,533 m


Natural resources:
Small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower

Ethnic Group
Oromo 32.1%, Amara 30.1%, Tigraway 6.2%, Somalie 5.9%, Guragie 4.3%, Sidama 3.5%,
Welaita 2.4%, other 15.4% (1994 census)


Religions:
Christian 60.8% (Orthodox 50.6%, Protestant 10.2%), Muslim 32.8%, traditional 4.6%,
Other 1.8% (1994 census)


Languages:
Amarigna 32.7%, Oromigna 31.6%, Tigrigna 6.1%, Somaligna 6%, Guaragigna 3.5%,
Sidamigna 3.5%, Hadiyigna 1.7%, other 14.8%, English (major foreign language taught in schools)
(1994 census)


Literacy :
Total 45.1 percent (2005 estimate)
Female
Male
37.8 percent(2005 estimate)
52.4 percent(2005 estimate)

Economy :
Gross domestic product(GDP, in 19.40 billion (2007) U.S.$)
GDP per capita (U.S.$) $245.20(2007)
GDP by economic sector
Agriculture, forestry, fishing
46.3 percent (2007)
Industry 13.4 percent (2007)
Services 40.3 percent (2007)

Monetary Unit :
1birr (Br), consisting of 100 cents

International organization participation:

ACP, AfDB, AU, COMESA, FAO, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IGAD, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM (observer), IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, NAM, OPCW, PCA, UN, UNAMID, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNMIL, UNOCI, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)

Telephone system:

General assessment: inadequate telephone system; the number of fixed lines and mobile telephones is increasing from a very small base; combined fixed and mobile-cellular teledensity is only about 2 per 100 persons domestic: open-wire; microwave radio relay; radio communication in the HF, VHF, and UHF frequencies; 2 domestic satellites provide the national trunk service international: country code - 251; open-wire to Sudan and Djibouti; microwave radio relay to Kenya and Djibouti; satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Pacific Ocean)

GDP - real growth rate:
11.6% (2008 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 6
11.5% (2007 est.)
11.5% (2006 est.)


GDP - per capita (PPP):
$800 (2008 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 217
$800 (2007 est.)
$700 (2006 est.)
Note: data are in 2008 US dollars


Radio broadcast stations:
AM 8, FM 0, shortwave 1 (2001)

Television broadcast stations:
1 (plus 24 repeaters) (2001)

Internet country code:
Let

Internet hosts:
128 (2008)

Country comparison to the world: 184

Internet users:
291,000 (2007)
Country comparison to the world: 120


Airports:
63 (2008)
Country comparison to the world: 78

Airports - with paved runways:
Total: 16
Over 3,047 m: 3
2,438 to 3,047 m: 6
1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
914 to 1,523 m: 1
Under 914 m: 1 (2008)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
Total: 47
Over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 4
1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
914 to 1,523 m: 23
Under 914 m: 9 (2008)


Railways:
Total: 681 km (Ethiopian segment of the 781 km Addis Ababa-Djibouti railroad)
Country comparison to the world: 107
Narrow gauge: 681 km 1.000-m gauge
Note: railway is under joint control of Djibouti and Ethiopia but is largely inoperable (2008)


Roadways:
Total: 36,469 km
Country comparison to the world: 94
Paved: 6,980 km
Unpaved: 29,489 km (2004)


Inflation rate (consumer prices):
44.4% (2008 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 221
17.2% (2007 est.)


Merchant marine:
Total: 9
Country comparison to the world: 115
By type: cargo 8, roll on/roll off 1 (2008)


Ports and terminals:
Ethiopia is landlocked and uses ports of Djibouti in Djibouti and Berbera in Somalia

Military branches:
Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF): Ground Forces, Ethiopian Air Force (ETAF) (2008)
Note: Ethiopia is landlocked and has no navy; following the secession of Eritrea, Ethiopian naval facilities remained in Eritrean possession


Military service age and obligation:
18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; theoretically, no compulsory military service, but the military can conduct call-ups when necessary and compliance is compulsory (2008)

Population below poverty line:
38.7% (FY05/06 est.)

Military expenditures:
3% of GDP (2006)
Country comparison to the world: 49


Source: from the latest Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and MSN Encarta
 
 
 
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